The impact of green buildings on cognitive function
Factors often associated with poverty can affect infants' cognitive development. Similarly, infants living in dysfunctional households -- regardless of socioeconomic status -- develop slower than other children do.
Cognitive skills related to vision and hearing may seem like natural developments to most people in the industrialized world. However, these skills require practice and exposure to sensory input. Children deprived of this sensory stimulation may not develop regularly. When children's eyes or ears must be covered due to illness, or when children are kept in dark, quiet environments, their sensory skills may not develop regularly.
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Children exposed to a variety of sights and sounds, however, may develop additional skills. For example, early exposure to music seems to correlate with later interest in music, according to "Child Psychology. Nutrition, in many cases, seems to strongly affect a child's cognitive development -- even before she is born.
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Unborn babies who receive inadequate protein, for example, may have slower development both in the uterus and after birth, according to neurologist Lise Eliot. Furthermore, the high-quality nutrition children receive from breastfeeding correlates with higher IQ scores later in life, according to several studies reported by Eliot. Children who are chronically malnourished often develop slower than other children do.
Science News. ScienceDaily, 23 May Exposure to air pollution before and after birth may affect fundamental cognitive abilities. Retrieved September 21, from www. Among air pollutants, fine particulate matter is especially harmful The study found an association between a reduction Below are relevant articles that may interest you. ScienceDaily shares links with scholarly publications in the TrendMD network and earns revenue from third-party advertisers, where indicated.
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Environmental Influence on Cognitive Development in Very-Preterm or Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants
Maybe it is because of the involvement of early intelligence researchers with the Eugenics Movement. Alternatively, maybe it is because the conclusions reached by some intelligence researchers seem to challenge our long-held beliefs about social equality, especially when those conclusions are biologically grounded. Regardless, intelligence, or as I prefer to call it general cognitive ability GCA , has been a major focus of behavioral genetic research and we will use it as a prototype of behavioral genetic research on a quantitative psychological trait.
As with the previous unit, we will begin with a brief discussion of what psychologists mean by intelligence or GCA.
I will not try and review the vast empirical literature on the correlates of GCA; suffice to say that GCA is correlated, not always strongly, with many desirable outcomes including educational attainment, occupational achievement, health, mortality, criminal conviction, etc. Twin and adoption studies of GCA have implicated the importance of both genetic and nonshared as well as shared environmental influences. Behavioral genetic research has helped to identify features of the shared environment that appear to contribute to differences in intelligence, but, unlike with schizophrenia and other mental illnesses, it has been difficult to identify the specific genetic variants that contribute to the heritability of GCA.
This unit will end with a discussion of genetic research on intellectual disability, an important application of intelligence research.
Just FYI, one thing we will NOT consider in this unit but some of you will wonder about is developmental behavioral genetic research on intelligence.